In a study curried out by Amy J and colleagues on the effectiveness of controlled breathing techniques for stuttering management in children, (Amy J. et. al., 2000), in which they included awareness training, competing response training, and social support, they noticed that the procedure could achieve could achieve a 3% reduction in the amount of stuttering. (Amy J. et. al., 2000). One of the main purposes of Singing Plus – Word Skillz® was to develop rap songs that have therapeutic value to improve speech at a higher success rate, but in the same way that singing has been proven to be effective in treating stuttering, for people of all ages.
In this case, familiar early rap songs from the 1980s and 1990s that are positive and motivating are favoured. Each rap song is developed as a ‘karaoke’ style video where the lyrics are printed on memory cards, entitled Word Skillz® cards. The front side of the card contains the lyrics of each song on the custom DVD (No computer is necessary). The back side of the card has the same song listed, with key words missing, to test the skill level of each person. The patient is then expected to sing along (or speak) the music as they fill in the missing parts. Since music has a history of activating various parts of the brain, either through listening or participation or both, this therapy technique therefore also functions to sharpen the cognitive skills of the patient as well as help them overcome the emotional barrier by sharing with colleagues who are of the same status, and above all, experience more fun while facing their problems and getting solutions.
The Singing Plus – Word Skillz® with memory card session facilitators are designed to complement contemporary speech language therapy and music therapy sessions, to observe mindfulness at all times, to ensure reduced avoidance of the clients, increased emotional control with relation to the clients, and acceptance in addition to improved sensory – perceptual processing as well as attenuated regulative skills (Boyle, 2011) which are key in successful long-term stuttering management on both psychosocial and sensory motor level.
In conclusion, whichever techniques may be developed to help these children solve the problem of stuttering as is the case of Singing Plus – Word Skillz®, the first step to be made by every therapist or parent/guardian in the exercise, is to convince the child to initiate the process and want to succeed. By this, the child should accept their condition, and admit that they need to change (Fraser, 2007), as well as totally commit to achieve the change, as captured in a statement by Freud;
‘a valuable precondition for a successful therapy is the deep inner conviction of the stutterer on the manageability of their disorder, combined with an inner fighting spirit and a readiness to undergo hardship and deprivation needed, hopelessness, pessimists and passivity being the deadliest foes to self-improvement’
(Freud) in (Fraser, 2007)